Non-Surgical Gum Therapy
It is possible that in spite of your best efforts, you may develop gum disease. It is quite common, and like many other ailments, it can be painless at first due to its slow progression.
Periodontal disease, also known as gum disease, is the most common disease known to mankind. 75% of all adults have had it or will have it at some time. Gum disease can cause bleeding gums, sensitive teeth, bad breath and in advanced cases, lead to loose teeth, tooth loss and adversely affect your ability to eat, speak and smile properly.
Periodontal disease is caused by a large build-up of the bacteria found in plaque, which erode the soft and underlying hard tissues of the mouth.
During its milder, early stages, gum disease can often be cleared up with a good professional cleaning and a subsequent uptick in the at-home oral hygiene routine.
If your case is more advanced, however, we may choose more "aggressive" therapies aimed at eliminating or reducing the amount of bacterial poisons and plaque that has accumulated below the gum line.
Non-surgical treatment for more advanced gum disease typically involves curettage and root-planing, and/or treatment with site-specific administration of medications to the affected gums.
Curettage is the debridement of the soft tissue lining around the tooth.
In patients suffering from gum disease, this tissue is chronically irritated by bacteria deep below the visible gum-line. This needs to be removed via curettage so that proper healing can occur.
Root Planing is the removal and smoothing of micro-amounts of root surface so that a clean and uninfected surface is presented to the healing lining of soft tissue, with no rough areas for bacteria to accumulate.
These two procedures are generally done simultaneously, may require local anesthesia and are skillfully performed by our well trained hygienists.
Antibiotics may also be applied to the affected area to promote healing.
Gum disease does not happen over night and treatment generally is spread out over time, as the effectiveness of a procedure needs to be assessed before the next stage takes place.
Generally, the patient's condition is re-assessed in time and joint decisions are made about the next step. In rare instances surgical intervention be required, which will allow for complete healing of the gum and bone, reduced mobility of teeth and a greatly improved prognosis.
Dr. Derek Clease's hygiene team will work with you to hone your at-home hygiene routine, including guidance for brushing, flossing and use of supplementary aids, so that you can maintain your oral health and prevent gum disease from reoccurring.